youre like most, you probably experience some confusion
when searching for certain peppers for recipes. A recipe might
call for Poblano peppers, but your grocery store doesnt
carry Poblano peppers they do have Pasilla peppers, is that the
same thing? Can they be substituted for each other? And by the
way, which one is a pepper and which is a chili?
off the bat, when talking peppers, the words chili and pepper
can be used interchangeably.
have listed in alphabetical order the most common peppers called
for in recipes and their characteristics.
is a long green chili (6" to 7") that ranges from light
green to red in color. Anaheims are the chilies used for canned
green chilies. They can be mild to hot and can be roasted,
peeled or stuffed or eaten raw.
peppers come in a rainbow of colors; green, red, orange, yellow
and purple. Bell peppers are probably the most versatile pepper
because they add flavor but no heat. Red peppers tend to be sweeter.
Roasting these peppers will change their flavor and texture from
firm and crisp to smoky and soft.
are slender green to red, crinkled and often slightly curled pods.
Cayenne peppers are a favorite in Asian and Cajun cooking. They
are from 5" to 10" long and are often dried or ground
are the hottest of chilies. They can be green, yellow-orange to
bright orange. They are shaped light little lanterns and measure
1-1/2" long and 1-1/2" wide.
green to red they vary from hot to very hot. Generally the smaller
the jalapeno the hotter the jalapeno. When jalapenos are smoked
or dried they are called Chipotles. They are approximately 2-1/2"
are dark green and about 4" to 5" long and about 2-1/2"
wide. They are delicious roasted and peeled. Poblanos are also
called Pasillas and when dried are called Ancho Chilies.
yellow, orange, green or red in color. They have a squashed lantern
shape and because of this they are often confused with Habaneros.
Scotch Bonnets are extremely hot and aromatic. They are 1"
to 2" long and 1-1/2 " wide.
like bullets, Serranos have a fresh chili taste and consistent
heat. They are commonly green in color and are 1-1/2" to
2" long and 1/2" thick. They are also called chilies
Verdes or green chilies.
elongated and green to red in color. They are intensely hot and
measure 1-1/2" long and 1/4" wide.
Common Dried Peppers
are dried Poblanos or Pasillas. They are dark red in color and
wrinkled in texture. They have a deep earthy flavor. They are
about 4" long and 2" to 3" wide.
red and pointed in shape. Arbols are shiny and 3" long and
3/4" wide. Arbols are very hot.
are dried smoked jalapenos. Chipotles have a rich smoky flavor
and about 1-1/2" long and 1/2" wide.